The hottest wheat in Henan has harvested 30.73 mil

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Henan has harvested 30.73 million mu of wheat. The process of agricultural "machine replacement" has accelerated, and the machine harvest rate has reached 99%

on June 3, large harvesters in the wheat field in yuezhai village, Zhaozhuang Town, Baofeng County, Pingdingshan kept shuttling in the field. This year, the wheat is growing well with plump grains

At the end of May, Henan, a major grain producing province, entered a busy summer harvest season. In Jiaozhuang village, Tanghe County, Henan Province, Guo gaisheng, a farmer wearing a black dress and gray high-heeled sandals, easily waved a shovel to smooth the dried wheat. Behind her, more than 60 acres of wheat fields quietly glittered with dazzling gold in the sun. Except for a few harvesters shuttling nervously, there were few working farmers in the vast fields

who is planting grain today? Who will be a farmer in the future

with a sickle in his hand, he didn't work, and there was no one busy farming. It became a common picture in many places.

beside a wheat field in zhuandian Town, Xincai County, Henan Province, Chen Lai, a 63 year old farmer, carried his hands on his back, and looked at the distant rumbling harvester with the company of his daughter Chen Xiaolan. A few days ago, Chen Lai hurt her leg. Chen Xiaolan hurried back from Guangzhou to help her father harvest wheat. But I didn't expect that before I arrived at the wheat field, the 13 mu of wheat at home was almost finished

now it is all mechanized, and there is really no need for people to harvest wheat. Chen Xiaolan took the sickle and wanted to collect the corners that the machine couldn't reach, but she didn't expect the harvester to slip away and collect it cleanly. Moreover, the wheat was sold to the grain broker in exchange for money, which made her sigh unceasingly

in fact, no matter spring ploughing, summer harvest or autumn harvest, what we see in the farmland at present are all modern agricultural tools, and old agricultural tools such as ploughing, raking and neutralizing have become rare

there are more relaxed than Chen Lai's. The whole family of Yu Dejun, a farmer in Zhoukou City, worked in Hubei Province, and the 8 mu of land in his family was entrusted to an agricultural machinery cooperative. After paying 400 yuan per mu of land, the cooperative will provide the whole service from planting to harvesting. Yu German army didn't even return to his hometown. Not only did the wheat yield in the field steadily exceed 550 kg per mu, but the wheat money of more than 8000 yuan also directly hit his bank card

nowadays, busy farming has become the norm in many parts of the country. In Xinjiang, during the busy farming season of spring ploughing and sowing, there are few busy farmers in the field. Instead, the intelligent agricultural machinery with Beidou navigation seeding is used. In Shandong, a large grain grower can harvest more than 560 mu of wheat in three days by using a harvester; In Hebei, the progress of harvesters is fast, and the operation data can be transmitted to the head of Agricultural Machinery Cooperatives in real time

according to the statistics of the Ministry of agriculture and rural areas, in 2018, it took only 17 days for the large-scale cross regional machine harvest of wheat to reach a progress of more than 80%, and the daily machine harvest area exceeded 20million mu in five days, a record high. This year, the Ministry of agriculture and rural areas predicts that 16.3 million agricultural machinery will be put into production in Sanxia, including 640000 combine harvesters and 270000 cross regional operation combine harvesters

fake wheat has become history, and the process of replacing agricultural machines has accelerated.

Ren Xishan, who has worked in the grass-roots agricultural department for 35 years, still remembers that until the late 1990s, every time they rely on physical engineering to harvest wheat at the same time, they will undoubtedly first adopt hydrostatic transmission as their main transmission device. There are also wheat holidays in rural schools, and many units and enterprises will also have holidays to let employees go home to harvest wheat

busy summer is not busy, but busy wheat is tired and heartbroken. Qin Xiaofeng, a 58 year old farmer, recalled the scene of the wheat harvest in the past and felt bitter and tired. Qin Xiaofeng said that it was time to harvest the wheat, and the big things had to be put aside. The whole family went to the ground at 4 o'clock every morning until dark, and even reaped and sowed for a month

in recent years, with the promotion of urbanization, a large number of rural labor forces have been transferred, and farmers after 60 are gradually getting old. Rural areas are faced with the problems that the Post-70s are unwilling to farm, the post-80s are unable to farm, the post-90s do not mention farming, and the post-00s have never landed. Through large-scale machine replacement, China's agriculture has not only alleviated the problem of labor shortage, but also greatly improved production efficiency

The relevant person in charge of the Ministry of agriculture and rural areas said that at present, China's agricultural production has shifted from mainly relying on human and animal power to mainly relying on mechanical power, entering a new stage dominated by mechanization

over the past 20 years, the main wheat producing areas in China have made a historic leap forward in the mechanization of the whole process. From the south to the north, agricultural machinery operators used the agricultural time difference to create a cross regional joint operation mode and open up a huge agricultural machinery service market

from sowing to harvest, traditional wheat production has to go through 22 production links, such as harrowing, fertilization, weeding, watering and harvesting. Now basically all links have been replaced by mechanization. Shang Shuiwang, Secretary of the Party branch of Shangzhuang village, chencao Township, Jian'an District, Xuchang City, Henan Province, has calculated that if you worked every 8 hours, 20 years ago, you had to invest 100 workers to collect 6 mu of wheat, but now only 12 or 13 workers. At the same time, the yield of wheat per mu has increased from more than 300 kg in the past to more than 500 kg

the latest data released by the National Bureau of statistics shows that the national per capita grain output in 2017 was 477.21 kg, an increase of nearly 95 kg from 382.54 kg in 2007, including alloy high carbon steel (or low carbon alloy steel) and cold working die steel

what will Grain Growers look like in the future

Yu Peikang is the president of a planting professional cooperative in Henan. He reckoned with his fingers: compared with farmers' traditional decentralized grain planting, cooperative large-scale trusteeship can reduce the average planting cost per mu of land by 100 yuan per quarter, and increase the production capacity of grain per mu by nearly 50 kg. With lower input and higher output, grain quality is guaranteed

since the transfer of land to grow grain 10 years ago, more energy has been turned to trusteeship services to work for farmers and serve grain planting. The trusteeship land of Yu Peikang's cooperative has covered more than 60 administrative villages in four surrounding towns, covering an area of more than 25000 mu, which is expected to reach 50000 mu by the end of this year

in addition, some well-educated young people have become modern new farmers. Zuo Mingfei, a young man of the post-90s generation in Dancheng County, Henan Province, formed a college student entrepreneurship alliance with 22 entrepreneurial college students returning home, focusing on modern agricultural planting

new farmers and agricultural socialized service organizations such as Yu Peikang and Zuo Mingfei are becoming the main bodies engaged in and serving grain production. Zhang Tianzuo, director of the rural cooperative economic guidance department of the Ministry of agriculture and rural areas, said that by the end of April this year, 2.207 million farmers' cooperatives had been registered according to law, and more than 10000 cooperatives had been established, radiating and driving nearly half of the country's farmers

Guotiancai, a wheat expert, said that this year's government work report pointed out that to promote the mechanization of the whole process of agriculture, the biggest feature of cultivating this machine is the stability of new business entities such as Haoting farms and farmers' cooperatives, and the road of large-scale, intensive and mechanization is the direction of China's agriculture in the future

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