Poisoning of the hottest occupational disease is e

2022-08-17
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"Occupational disease poisoning" is easy to occur in the chemical coating industry

"occupational disease poisoning" is easy to occur in the chemical coating industry

May 2, 2017

[China coating information] pay attention to the health of workers! From April 24 to May 1, it is the 15th publicity week of the law on the prevention and control of occupational diseases in China. The theme of this year is "healthy China, occupational health first"

the clinical diagnosis of occupational diseases in occupational health is a highly regulatory, policy, scientific and professional work. Experts remind employers not to forget to give workers occupational health examination before taking up their posts, during their on-the-job period and when leaving their posts; Before the occupational disease diagnosis doctors make the collective diagnosis of occupational diseases, the occupational history and occupational disease hazard exposure history of the patients are the key factors; Workers themselves should learn the law and master labor protection and health care measures

a workers should correctly use personal protective equipment

[typical case]

48 year old Jiang (a pseudonym) told that he worked as a workshop operator in a chemical plant in July 2011. Half a month later, he gradually appeared skin peeling, dizziness, and even blurred consciousness in serious cases. In August of the same year, he was dismissed by the enterprise. He went to the hospital for examination and found that there were skin infections, abnormal EEG, and damage to the nervous system found in electromyography, and then went to the CDC to apply for occupational disease diagnosis

because the enterprise promised to pay for the diagnosis and treatment, he gave up the occupational disease diagnosis at that time. In April, 2013, he started the diagnostic procedure again due to his incomplete recovery. In May, he was diagnosed with "occupational acute chemical toxic peripheral nerve disease"

[analysis and reminder]

"according to the field investigation data, the gas prevention facilities of the plant are insufficient, and the necessary protective measures such as gas masks, masks and protective clothing are not provided." Xia Fangqun pointed out to the models equipped with hydraulic chucks that occupational poisoning incidents have common characteristics: most operators are migrant workers, lacking awareness of occupational protection; Production enterprises are mostly family workshops or small processing plants; Low technical level, backward process, poor working environment, etc

in addition, poisoning incidents mostly occur in chemical plants, shoe-making, furniture manufacturing, toy manufacturing, leather, luggage, packaging, coating and other industries. Most adhesives and paints used in the industry contain benzene and compounds, which are harmful to human health

Xia Fangqun stressed that when signing labor contracts, workers should take the initiative to understand the possible occupational hazard factors and consequences in the workplace. Personal protective equipment should be properly worn and used. For those who contact toxic chemicals, gas masks, protective clothing and gloves should be worn; Operators exposed to dust shall wear dust masks correctly; When working in a noisy environment, it is necessary to correctly wear anti noise earplugs or protective earmuffs; When engaging in electrical welding operations, you must wear effective gas masks, etc

b there is nothing trivial about the occupational health examination of workers

[typical case]

He Mou (pseudonym) is 46 years old. He worked in coal mining company a in a county from March 2001 to January 2011. Later, due to the collapse of company a, in May 2011, he went to work in the county's B coal mine company and was still engaged in coal mining. In June of the same year, he was diagnosed as coal worker's pneumoconiosis phase I by a Municipal Center for Disease Control and prevention. During the period, the labor arbitration committee found out in accordance with the law that the B coal mine company did not carry out the occupational disease physical examination before he took up his post according to the law, and did not provide him with work-related injury insurance. According to the law, the B coal mine company awarded him 120000 yuan for various work-related injury benefits

[analysis reminder]

according to incomplete statistics, as of 2014, 864000 cases of occupational diseases have been reported nationwide, of which 777000 cases of pneumoconiosis have been reported. Pneumoconiosis accounts for about 90% of the total reported cases, and has become the number one occupational disease in China

"due to long-term exposure to productive mineral dust, the clearing and defense functions of the respiratory system are seriously damaged, and the patient's resistance is significantly reduced, so patients with pneumoconiosis often have complications." Xia Fangqun introduced that among the death causes of pneumoconiosis patients, respiratory complications accounted for the first place, mainly tuberculosis, pulmonary infectious diseases and pneumothorax; Cardiovascular disease ranks second, mainly chronic pulmonary heart disease

"there is no trivial matter in occupational health examination. If you avoid it, it may bring serious consequences." Xia Fangqun believes that it is the employer's and the worker's right to arrange the occupational health examination of workers before taking up their posts, during their on-the-job period and when leaving their posts

c it is of great significance to obtain occupational health monitoring files

[typical case]

laborer Li Mou (pseudonym) introduced that he worked as an electric welder in a machinery factory in 2001. In January, 2014, the unit terminated the labor contract with him without physical examination. Two months later, a construction company recruited him as an electric welder and asked him to sign a two-year labor contract with the labor dispatch company

then, he felt chest pain, shortness of breath, often coughed, and coughed up black sticky sputum. After hospital examination, it was diagnosed as welder pneumoconiosis phase I

[analysis reminder]

why is the incidence of occupational diseases so high? Xia Fangqun said, "the main reason is that the technology of some products with high scientific and technological content is backward.". In addition, the protective measures are not perfect, and the utilization rate of personal protective articles such as protective helmets, protective clothing, protective gloves, protective glasses, ear protectors, etc. is low, causing direct or potential harm to the health of employees

once workers suffer from occupational diseases, employers and labor dispatch companies often prevaricate with each other, which brings obstacles to workers' safeguarding their own health rights and interests. "Therefore, it is very necessary to ask for copies of occupational health surveillance files." In this way, even if the unit is changed, workers can also master the systematic changes in the exposure history of occupational hazard factors, which is conducive to maintaining their own health

in addition, attention should be paid to understand the early symptoms of pneumoconiosis, including cough, phlegm, shortness of breath, chest pain, and gradual emaciation and weakness. Severe cases may lose the ability to work

"but occupational diseases can be prevented." Xia Fangqun stressed that effectively improving working conditions and purifying the production environment is the best way to control occupational disease hazards. The targeted protective measures taken by this way to meet the increasingly stringent requirements of exhaust emission regulations belong to the first-class prevention. It is used to test the mechanical properties of metal materials in tensile tests

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